Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Education Is The Way Out Of Their Poverty - 1496 Words

1. In this course, we have discussed numerous social, societal and cultural issues that plague our society and the equality of the classes in that society. Many can be eased by discussions and getting an action plan to solve the issues. One issue that is relevant to every social class in our society is the â€Å"Worth of a College Degree versus the Cost of a College Degree†. This issue crosses the classes, whether you are in upper middle class, middle class or even in the lower middle class. Education is important for the betterment of society. The better educated a person is, the more productive they are in society. Even people who are homeless believe education is the way out of their poverty or homelessness. â€Å"When prompted on how they would accomplish their goals, almost always I would hear â€Å"go back to school†, â€Å"get my GED† or â€Å"go to college† (Aviles, 2016). This view is just not with the homeless. College is a concern f or all families of college bound high school juniors and seniors, no matter what social class they are in. According to Brian Kelly, â€Å"The demand for educated worker is only going to grow† (Kelly, 2010). But, what will it cost and how will one pay for it? Is it worth being at least twenty thousand dollars in debt when they graduate? In today’s society, colleges can cost as much two hundred thousand dollars a year. That is cost is for the larger, more prestige private colleges in the country. The sticker price for many private colleges hasShow MoreRelatedEducation For Cure Poverty : Education Is Not Only A Necessary Government Responsibility1205 Words   |  5 PagesEducation to Cure Poverty The importance of education on today’s youth is ever-growing and extremely prevalent in our society. Education is not only a necessary government responsibility, but it is also a way to get children out of poverty and lead them into whatever sort of career path they would like to pursue. Many children in poverty find themselves struggling with receiving their education due to under-resourced schools and lack of money (Strauss). Due to these poorly funded schools and areasRead MoreWhy Education Is Not An Economic1398 Words   |  6 PagesWhy Education is Not an Economic Panacea 1. What arguments is Marsh making about the relationship between inequality and education in the United States? How does he distinguish his position from other common arguments about the degree to which education, especially higher eduction, can or cannot serve as a panacea for social ills in this or other countries? Marsh is saying that education is not the way to fix low income and poverty. It is the other way around, to improve educational services forRead MoreThe Common Core Places On Standardized Testing1634 Words   |  7 Pages The Common Core places a lot of emphasis on standardized testing instead of attempting to reach children in different ways. Not all people learn the same way and a lot of children who happen to be visual or auditory learners are missing the mark on these tests. As these scores remain so essential, several teachers â€Å"over prepare children for the tests through months of drill and practice† even taking away time from recess to prepare (Berliner 254). Sadly, as a result, numerous teachers treat theirRead MoreAnti Poverty Programs : Are We Helping The Poor?1313 Words   |  6 Pages â€Å"Anti-poverty programs: Are we helping the poor?† David Vang Qin Fan Econ 40 9 December, 2014 Throughout history, poverty has always been one of the biggest issues in the United States with the major impacts that it has brought into the economy and standard way of living. Although poverty may be overshadowed by such recent event such as the raise in minimum wages in California, it is still something that society should still be concern about because it can only get worse from hereRead MoreHow Poverty With Education And Poverty1116 Words   |  5 PagesHow to End Poverty with Education Education and poverty are conversely related. Education is surely and effectually the best way of the poor to escape not only poverty but also to kill illiteracy and ignorance and unawareness of individual rights and responsibilities and to outflow all forms of social discrimination, around the world. Education has the power to break the poverty cycle. If capitalist invest in education, the returns would be priceless. Education provides people with knowledge andRead MorePoverty Is A Global Issue1448 Words   |  6 PagesPoverty is a global issue known by many people, it affects people in many ways, and can be considered a constant battle. The war on poverty has been ongoing for many years not only in the United States, but also amongst various countries. A significant country dealing with poverty is South Africa, which has struggled to provide jobs, education, and social security, to its people for numerous years. Moreover, the same applies to countries like the United States. Our first impression is that the UnitedRead MoreExtreme Poverty : Chronic Poverty Essay1613 Words   |  7 PagesExtreme Poverty Nathan Larson Northcentral Technical College â€Æ' Introduction ïÆ'Ëœ What is Extreme Poverty? What if you had a chance to save a person? Most would react quickly if given the chance to save another life especially a child’s life. In fact, it is estimated that 16,000 under the age of five die every day due to causes associated with extreme poverty. That is nearly 750 children an hour. The causes of the deaths include insufficient nutrition, lack of access to clean water, no health careRead MorePoverty Of Americ Born With A Wooden Spoon885 Words   |  4 PagesIn the documentary â€Å"Poverty in America: Born with a Wooden Spoon† we get an in depth look about what it is like to live in poverty in America. In the early moments of the documentary we are informed that the poor people of America are a diverse group of people. These people can be put into sub group and each of them has certain different characteristics. The first and most obvious group is the homeless or otherwise known as the urban poverty. These people are scattered around inner cities and itRead Mo reCan A College Education Cut the Risk of Living in Poverty? Essay1127 Words   |  5 PagesCan a college education cut the risk of living in poverty? Poverty has tremendously increased because The United States recently entered a recession in December 2007. The loss of jobs, health benefits and higher cost of living affected the nation and citizens struggling to avoid poverty. In such a competitive environment, a college education increases self-value and opportunity. America’s current depression tremendously affected the nation with the rise in poverty, unemployment, and loss ofRead MoreEffects Of School Achievement On Children1306 Words   |  6 Pagesalso life impacting. Often the only way out of poverty is an education that can provide them with a job which can meet their income needs. If a child’s school achievement is affected by poverty, they have a higher chance of dropping out and continuing poverty in their generation. Effects of school achievement are measured by if the child has repeated a grade, suspended or expelled, and/or dropped out before graduating. A large amount of children that live in poverty will repeat a grade due to limit

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Cons of the 1964 Civil Rights Act - 737 Words

Cons of the 1964 Civil Rights Act When faced with pointing out the cons of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, one may feel there aren’t many if any. Or maybe that it’s a justified contradiction to the first amendment, which from the U.S. Constitution reads: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. The 1964 Civil Rights act is just one of the many problems that arise from the civil rights act. When the Civil Rights Act was passed it permitted voting rights, injunctive relief against discrimination in public places, of†¦show more content†¦The Civil Rights Act voids the Jim Crow laws doing away with segregation. As a citizen who supports the Jim Crow laws, the Civil Rights act created another way of life that the government wanted to enforce. This expansion ofShow MoreRelated The Civil Rights Act Of 1964 Essay1124 Words   |  5 PagesUnited States enacted the Civil Rights Act of 1964, known as Title VII, to outlaw workplace discrimination of individuals with respect to compensation, terms, conditions of employment, or privileges of employment because of race, color, sex, religion, or national origin. Following Title VII, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) was established to enforce Title VII protocols in the public and private sector (Crumpacker Crumpacker, 2007). Proceeding 1964, several addendums were legislatedRead MoreArizona’s Immigration Law Essay988 Words   |  4 PagesArizona recently decided to take control of the situation, by passing the â€Å"Support our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act† {House Bill 2162}. This bill gives law enforcement officers and agencies the authority, to lawfully stop, detain and arrest anyone who appears to look like an illegal alien. The bill out-right condones racial pro filing and it violates civil rights, as well! Home Land security statistics on immigration verifies that there are approximately 11 million illegal immigrantsRead MoreI Have A Dream Speech Delivered By Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.1016 Words   |  5 Pages segregation and racial discrimination have torn country apart and denied our God-given rights. It’s got to the point where Black people could not stand it anymore, so they fought back for their rights. In 1963, with the event in Birmingham, and the famous â€Å"I Have A Dream† speech delivered by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., which captured the world’s attention and had become the turning point of the Civil Rights Movements. There are many thoughtful citizens who recognize that race relations have shapedRead MoreThe Heart Of Atlanta Motel V United States1273 Words   |  6 PagesMotel v United States was a very sensitive case during the 60’s with uprising of racial equality separation. Under commerce clause with Title II of the 1964 Civil Rights Act shows congress didn’t unconstitutionally exceeded its power. The civil rights act of 1875 was a generic regulation that didn’t help race relations in the US against minority rights and race relations. White individual took advantage over black’s perpetuated inferior accommodations, entitlement, and services. The owner ignored theRead MoreThe Director Of Human Resources Of Lehigh Hanson1525 Words   |  7 PagesI am the Director of Human Resources of Lehigh Hanson. In order to ensure the organization remains successful we have to make sure we hire the right people for the organization. In this review we will outline a job interview process and document the methods that we must use to select the right person for the available positions. We will determine at least two employment laws that we must consider in the process questions and examine the key ramifications of the organization’s lack of enforcementRead MoreThe Civil Rights Act Of 1964 Essay1444 Wor ds   |  6 Pages The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was significant to African Americans because the act ended segregation in public places and ended employment prejudice based on the pigment of skin, national origin, gender, ethnicity, or/and religion. The Act was one of the most momentous events to impact African Americans on the account of bringing equality to minorities on paper and giving them opportunities to voice their political and community concerns. However, there were unforeseen consequences that added toRead MoreMalcolm Xs Speech : The Rhetorical Analysis Of Malcom X843 Words   |  4 PagesApril 3, 1964 Malcolm X gave one of the most iconic speeches of all time. Malcolm gave this speech at the â€Å"Cory Methodist Church† where he spoke out about the politics of voting for African Americans. Malcolm X advised that African Americans should vote, however if prejudice continued and the government continued to prevent blacks from being completely equal that African Am ericans would have to use more violent tactics. This speech is great for a number of reasons and one of these reasons is MalcolmRead MoreCritique of Ada and Affirmative Action Paper751 Words   |  4 PagesAffirmative Action Paper Discrimination within the place of work has been a concern for a long time now. Despite the fact that the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits companies from showing favoritism to employees on account of their sex, age, race, and disability. Various employers continue to demonstrate this style of performance through the hiring procedure. American Disabilities Act also known as ADA was another organization put into effect after Affirmative Action. ADA is designed to defend and protectRead MoreEssay about Examples of Racism in The Aventures of Huckleberry Finn1080 Words   |  5 Pagessix college students of African American ethnicity sit down at the counter. When they ask to be served, they are refused, and told to leave. Black. Nigger. Slave. All were common words in conversation before the end of slavery, and even until the Civil Rights movement 100 years later. Mark Twain’s â€Å"Adventures of Huckleberry Finn† provides clear examples of racism present in the mid- to late-1800’s, but with a central focus on showing how attitudes can change. Throughout the book nearly everyone HuckRead MoreLegal Writing1315 Words   |  6 Pagesgiving awards, or deciding whom to admit (So you Wanna, 2003). Affirmative action arose out of a desire to bring minority groups into institutions and professions that had traditionally been dominated by white males. It first appeared after the Civil Rights movement of the 1960s as an attempt to accompany the new legal equality gained for minorities with social and economic equality. This paper I will discuss the history, advantages and disadvantages of affirmative action in college admissions.

Electrically Controllable Adhesion Technology †MyAssignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about the Electrically Controllable Adhesion Technology. Answer: Introduction In the modern day of science and technology, the applications of robots continue to expand every day, so as to make work for humans easier. The robot mobility capability being used in this project is aimed at improving the window and wall cleaning procedures which could sometimes involve the hazard of falling from high buildings from the risk of one reason or another. The risks that could lead to this falls in the conventional method used in wall and window cleaning procedures include faulty equipment and insecure installations of support which could occur at any time. These risks and hazards are also felt in the part of workers of in nuclear reactor plants who also need to assess the conditions of the extremely high reactor tanks Thus the introduction of wall climbing robots to serve this purpose for humans would be a beneficial invention that would allow people to utilize the benefits of science and technology while still mitigating the risks that window and wall cleaners in differ ent parts of the world face on a daily basis. There are a number of trials that have been done on the design of wall climbing robots that utilize a wheel and a suction mechanism and the technologies are still being studied by many scientists and designers in the field of mechanical and robotic engineering. The theoretical framework that will be utilizes in the design of this wall climbing robot will entail the installation of a wheel that will be usable on flat surfaces and suction pads that provide the suction force required to resist gravity and climb walls(Chu, Jung, Han, Hong , 2010). The suction pads will achieve this force optimizing and maximizing the vacuum pressure in these suction pads using the Taguchi method, and this will allow the robot to have mobility even against gravity and on to walls. Research has shown the use of Taguchi method to maximize and optimize the vacuum pressure of the suction pads allowing for movement. The project is aimed at finding an effective way that can promote the mobility of robots to in crease their applicability to certain tasks that man needs to undertake but cannot for one reason or another. This will be achieved by giving the robot both locomotion and adhesion to overcome gravity management and climb walls to different heights without risking the lives of any humans. It also aims to establish the goals of finding out the parameters of dimensions, weights and pressures, for a wall climbing to be operational for the different purposes this mobility design is going to introduce. In addition to the methodology of suction and locomotion for mobility of the robot up the walls, the robots efficiency can also be improved by making it climb ferromagnetic surface walls which will be aided by a set of interlocking magnets beneath the robot(Fischer, Tache, Siegwart, 2007). The interlocking mechanism and the magnetic combination will guarantee the robot stability since its mobility is based on how well it can handle the wheel locomotion together with the legged and the suc tion mobility. This network of mobility technology will assure the robot of stability even when it is moving over surfaces that are not level. This proposal also entails a literature review of how the proposed solution will work to improve the mobility and the applicability of robots for different purposes. It shows the findings and recommendations of other designers in mechanical engineering robotics who have also attempted to design the perfect robot using different mechanisms for climbing walls. The theoretical framework of the design and why it is a feasible solution have also been detailed in this proposal. There are also details of the experimental part detailed in the project proposal, so as to simplify the complexities of the mechanics required to ensure that the project design exhibits the expected properties of the design as is expected by the calculations and simulations. Finally, details of the plan of the project as well as the timelines for the presentation of the expected deliverables are also presented towards the end of this report. Literature Review The need for a better type of mobility for robots is of the essence in the modern world of ever changing technologies, as the level of risks and effort people are expected to put into work continues to reduce immensely. These mobility challenges continue to encourage engineers to design more and more mobility systems for robots that will help them figure out more and more ways robots can be used to make work easier. In this project, the sliding locomotion method was used together with the legged mechanism for purposes of controlling the speed of the robot, which should always be a low speed because the unleveled surfaces always require discontinuous slow motion. (Kim, et al., 2008)suggests that a tracking wheel should also be incorporated in this design to promote better movements during continuous faster motions of the robot on level surfaces. This tracking wheel will be designed to work with a chain track that is connected to the suction pads that are responsible for the climbing m ovement. A solenoid valve and the magnetic component management of the locomotion mechanism will come in tie control the suction pressure from these suction pads. The strength of the magnetic forces and suction motion can be determined from the size of the solenoid, which includes dimensions of 370mm in width and 720mm in length. In this specific project, the design consideration is that the robot will aim to handle the climbing motion as a continuous motion for the simulation purposes. The literature reviews has shown that the function of mobility will have a higher speed of climbing because of all the adaptations mounted on this design, including the series of chains that are mounted beneath the robot on its tracked wheels. (Kim, et al., 2008) recommends a design that will also entail about 24 suction pads for the generation of the suction force the robot will use for its mechanical wave motion during climbing. The structure of the design of this robot is also factored in to the engineering design proposal, where the structure is focused on ensuring the forces that allow the movement of the robot are considered. Engineering design property assessment tests need to be conducted to ensure that the appropriate suction force is received on each suction pad, to prevent the falling of the robot. This will help in maintaining pressure within the suction locomotion mechanism will give the robot stability(Lee, Kim, Kang, Kim, Kwak, 2003) recommends the testing of experimental data to establish the mechanical properties and the pressure distributions. Comparisons also ought to be made concerning the speeds of the robots to climb walls of set heights and the payloads of the robot (Lee, Kim, Kang, Kim, Kwak, 2003). Information about the relationships between the maximization of pressures and the climbing performance of the record vacuums should also be established using the Taguchi method. This will serve the purpose of giving the robot stability in motion through minimizing any variations in the suction force of the suction pads. Research Question, Objective and Sub-goals The aim of this project is to design a robot that incorporates a number of locomotive mechanisms to achieve mobility on unleveled and leveled surfaces, as well as climbing walls. In so doing the mainframe locomotive systems will achieve a more efficient way to manage the tracking wheel whose role in the design is to control the vacuum suction procedures using the actuation modules (Lee, Kim, Kang, Kim, Kwak, 2003) Understand the operation of the tracked wheel system in relation to the belt timing and the pulley with suction pads. Understanding the role of the wireless control system which has an off and on switch of the solenoid valves. The design will entail the combination of the individual parts that make up the basic parts of a wall climbing robot using a tracked wheel mechanism which entails the frame of the robot and the tracked wheel component. The mainframe will entail a vacuum pump for suction, and a control module to actuate and drive the robot prototype, as well as the power supply to drive the prototype. The tracked wheel mechanism system, on the other hand, will entail a pulley and a timing belt to provide motion for the prototype. The suction pads and their valves will then be installed on the timing belt to provide air suction. The prototype will also need to consider how the prototype will achieve rotary motion through rotary joints to prevent any torsional and twisting stresses on the pneumatic tubes controlling this air suction motion. It also ought to be controlled wirelessly especially in changing direction, starting and stopping the motion of the prototype, as well as decelerating and accelerati ng. This would be made possible through the incorporation of the micro-controller and Bluetooth protocol to control the motor sand power supply. The experiment entailed comparing the speed of the robot during climbing for a given set of conditions so as to establish the mechanical properties of the motion of the robot. Results, Outcome, and Relevance The finding was that the movement of the tracking wheel is based on that of the suction pads such that it is also dictated by the wheel rotation as well as the mechanical operations of the suction valves in the solenoid (Menon, Murphy, Sitti, 2004)The operation of tracked wheel system was also found to have the role is managing the mechanism that is related to the rotation of the wheel. The role only the driving motor plays is to change the speed and direction of locomotion. This operation is related to the track wheel locomotion mechanism which thus involves the action of the wheels prompting movement. Comparison of the results of speed comparisons during continuous motion show that using both the sliding and legged mechanisms of motion improve the speed and the stability of the robot(Prahlad, Pelrine, Stanford, Marlow, Kornbluh, 2008). The impact of the magnetic properties were also established by this experiment as the valve on the solenoid controls the pressures between the vacuum pump and the suction pad as is seen in the free flow curve (Seo Sitti, 2011). This curve can be explained by the fact that the anti-gravity movement of the robot either up or down the wall is determined by suction force and its ability to handle the weight of the robot. The ability of any robot to manage any variations in the suction force in the suction pads translates into its ability to achieve the pressure of the vacuum required for sustaining the weight of the robot against the force of gravity. The system is designed to have all the 24 suction pads connected to the vacuum pump to allow it the required suction force to maintain the weight of the robot (Seo Sitti, 2011). The role of the mechanical valve was also found to give the robot stability when the form of locomotion changes from suction to the wheel system (Yang, et al., 19 99). The pressure to hold the suction pads in a stable condition is also determined by the flowrate in the vacuum pump of the suction locomotion mechanism as is demonstrated by the relationships between the climbing speed of the robot and the volume flowrate of the vacuum pump (Xu Ma, 2002). The Taguchi method was also used to conduct an optimization of pressures experiment so as to design the time dependent factors and the classified systems. This method is efficient for determining the best quality of the locomotion system placed on the robot, and the control levels of the robot. The method could also be helpful in determining the parameters for the operation of the robot and also to minimize the functions of noise and pressure fluctuation during the experiment. Conclusion The main aim of this project was to maximize and optimize the pressure in the suction pad of a climbing wall robot locomotion mechanism while managing the variations in time and pressure releases of the robot. The control factors that were analyzed include diameter of the pneumatic tubes from the suction pads to the vacuum pump, with the configurations of the air tunnels and the profile cam used in the mechanical valve of the robot. This was achieved through varying the parameters through fine-tuning the vacuum and the other control on the robot (Silva, Machado, Tar, 2008). The findings showed that the robots use the track wheeled mechanism in continuous motion such that the speed of the climb is high. The suction pads play a vital role in achieving the stable and fast continuous motion. References Chu, B., Jung, K., Han, C. S., Hong , D. (2010). A survey of climbing robots: Locomotion and Adhesion. International Journal of Presicion Engineering and Manufacturing, 11(4), 633-647. Fischer, W., Tache, F., Siegwart, R. (2007). Inspection system for very thin and free surfaces based on a pair of wall climbing robots with magnetic wheels. Intelligent robots and systems, 1216-1221. Kim, H., Kim, D., Yang, H., Lee, K., Seo, K., Chang, D., Kim, J. (2008). Developing of a wall robot using a tracked wheel mechanisim. Journal of mechanical science and technology, 22(8), 1491-1498. Lee, C., Kim, S. H., Kang, S. C., Kim, M. S., Kwak, Y. K. (2003). Double track robot for hazardous environmental applications. Advanced Robotics, 17(5), 447-459. Menon, C., Murphy, M., Sitti, M. (2004). Gecko inspired surface climbing robots. Robotics and Biomimetrics, 431-436. Prahlad, H., Pelrine, R., Stanford, S., Marlow, J., Kornbluh, R. (2008). Electroadhesive climbing robots enabled by a novel, robust, electrically controllable adhesion technology. Robotics and automation, 3028-3033. Seo, T., Sitti, M. (2011). Under actuated tank-like climbing robot with various transitioning capabilities. Robotics and automation, 777-782. Silva, M., Machado, J. T., Tar, J. K. (2008). A survey of technologies for climbing robots adhesion to surfaces. Computational Cybernetics, 127-132. Xu, Z., Ma, P. (2002). A wall-climbing robotfor labeling scale of oiltanks volume. RObotics and Automation, 209-212. Yang, W., Shuliang, L., Dianguo, X., Yangzhen, Z., Hao, S., Xueshan, G. (1999). Development and application od wall climbing robots. Robotics and Automation, 2, 1207-1212.

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Society Social Networking Sites

Introduction The mounting popularity of social networking sites (SNSs) among Internet users across the world certainly demands an introspection of their shorter-term and longer-terms effects on individuals as well as societies. Available statistics demonstrate that an estimated 1.5 billion people across the globe have already created their profiles in SNSs, with the majority being on Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin, Ning and Tagged (Das et al., 2011).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Society Social Networking Sites specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More At the surface, it is believed that SNSs have a great potential to essentially alter the character and scope of our social engagements on all fronts – individual, interpersonal, as well as societal (Ellison et al., 2009).. But while common practice always assumes the shifts to be beneficial, this paper seeks to demonstrate that SNSs have negatively altered the framew ork for social interactions that bind society together. Understanding Social Networking Sites In the literature, SNSs are defined as web-based services that provide people with the capacity to â€Å"†¦ (1) construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, (2) articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection, and (3) view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others within the system† (Tokunaga, 2011, p. 425). SNSs popularity continue to rise throughout the world, especially among adolescents, not only because of the way they have changed how this group of the population receive information (Neelamalar Chitra, 2009), but also due to their equalizing effect as users often feel the freedom to express themselves in ways not possible via other offline channels (Cardon et al., 2009). However, there exist salient issues that need to be illuminated to understand the actual effects that SNSs are having on the social relations hips that act to glue the society together. Social Networking Sites: Unveiling the Defects By virtue of the fact that online social networking is a type of virtue communication that allows users to connect with each other, there exists a very constricted gap between private and public life in this modern age of communication as users find themselves helpless in controlling the distribution of content they have already uploaded on their profiles (Das et al., 2011). This disposition has occasioned serious personal and social consequences as individuals increasingly find themselves being rejected for job postings due to content they had posted on the sites, not mentioning that a sizeable number of users have already lost their life savings to online fraudsters who visit their profiles and use the personal information available to estimate a person’s social security number and ‘steal’ other sensitive information.Advertising Looking for essay on communications m edia? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Advocates of SNSs have argued that users of these sites can change their default privacy preferences to keep the fraudsters at bay, or to prevent sensitive information from getting into the wrong hands. However, a research conducted on 4000 Facebook profiles of Carnegie Mellon University students revealed that only 1.2 percent of the users took time to change their default privacy settings (Das et al., 2011), implying that many users do not care if their sensitive information, which could fundamentally alter their relationships with other members of the society, becomes open to public discourse. The second point deals with work productivity, which is known to be the mainstay of the society. It is within the realms of public knowledge that a society that does not work cannot look after itself, not mentioning that it cannot prosper or achieve the dreams of prosperity (Tokunaga, 2011). However, ow ing to the proliferation of SNSs, people are spending considerable work hours chatting with their friends and browsing sites to update profiles. Indeed, extant literature demonstrates that â€Å"†¦it becomes a compulsive habit to visit own profile several times in a day for checking friends updates, changing status, and commenting on others photos and videos† (Das et al., 2011). In the workplace context, the attention of employees is distracted as they routinely visit the sites to update their status and communicate with friends, occasioning major adverse consequences on their productivity and customer satisfaction levels. Of course some advocates of SNSs would like to argue from the viewpoint that employers can always install monitoring software to dissuade employees from visiting these sites during work hours; however, it has already been found that monitoring of employees’ online activities raises serious ethical and legal concerns (Ellison et al., 2009). More importantly, the monitoring software is not full-proof, meaning that employees could still engage in these actions that bring adverse societal ramifications in lowered productivity and heightened customer dissatisfaction levels (Cardon et al., 2011). A recent study conducted on 237 corporate workers revealed that about eight in every ten employees use Facebook during work hours, resulting in 1.5% slump in their productivity (Das et al., 2011).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Society Social Networking Sites specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The third point revolves around the fact that some SNSs â€Å"†¦have loosely articulated social or interactional norms dictating appropriate actions and behaviors† (Tokunaga, 2011, p. 426). In using SNSs, many people are unaware or ignorant of the context-specific social norms because of the inadequately specified set of conventions, further degrading the social fa bric because these people end up relying on social behaviors learned and negotiated in offline contexts to direct their online actions and behavior. Equally uninteresting, a sizeable number of users end up relying on social behaviors learned in online contexts to guide and direct their off-line relationships, actions and behavior. Fourth, many online social norms, according to Tokunaga (2011), are characterized by carelessness and impoliteness, not mentioning that they have the potential to adversely demoralize the interpersonal relationships that act to hold the society together. In other words, it can be argued that constant interactions via social networking platforms have inexorably harmed interpersonal relationships that glue society together by providing a forum for negative incidences that result in relational strain. On context-specific norms and interpersonal relationships, advocates of SNSs would want to differ by putting up the argument that â€Å"†¦through social n etworking, people can use networks of online friends and group memberships to keep in touch with current friends, reconnect with old friends or create real-life friendships through similar interests or groups† (Neelamalar Chitra, 2009, p. 126). However, the germane issue is the context-specific norms used to relate to online friends and if these norms could still be used in furtherance of offline interpersonal relationships that are key to the stability of the society as a whole. Findings reported by Tokunaga (2011) demonstrate that not only are the context-specific norms for the two types of relations essentially different and hence cannot compliment each other, but some norms and value systems learnt in SNSs are adversely affecting interpersonal relationships, through which the foundation of the community is grounded. Lastly, it is a well known fact that the ambiguous and elastic concept of â€Å"friends† on social networking platforms has always presented further co ncerns through which millions of visitors to these sites must navigate. As postulated by Tokunaga (2011), â€Å"†¦friends merely refer to the contacts individuals create on SNSs, which obscures the nature of the relationships between users† (P. 426).Advertising Looking for essay on communications media? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More People who have never met even for a single day suddenly become the best of friends because of their presumed shared interests that are matched in the arena of online protocols. Not only has this insensitive disposition of friendship continues to hurt the very basis of society (Das et al., 2011), but the dichotomous categorization of friends and non-friends on many of these networking platforms acts as fuel to many of the social problems encountered by users (Tokunaga, 2011), including falling prey to fraudsters and sexual offenders. It is possible that advocates of SNSs may seek to downplay this issue of the creation of strange friendship bonds on account that people are free to talk to anyone across the world (Neelamalar Chitra, 2009), and that these sites have assisted communities to minimize transaction costs for finding and connecting with ‘friends’, who may share one interest or concern but deviate on other dimensions (Ellison et al., 2009). These assertions, in my view, are valid to the extent that some of these friendship bonds have provided opportunities for some users, including but not limited to, job openings, educational prospects, skills acquisition and knowledge sharing. But we have seen the consequences of users who unconditionally accept friendship requests from strangers and end up being killed and mutilated in a presumed sex party. We have read in the news how children as young as 10 years are hijacked for ransom by their presumed ‘online friends.’ Conclusion It is indeed true that most SNSs have beneficial outcomes, but care must be exercised so that these sites do not alter the framework for social interactions that bind society together. Important issues relating to privacy, work productivity, context-specific norms, interpersonal relationships as well as the conception of friendship, need to be evaluated in more detail to ensure that the society does not suffer under the heavy baggage of the social networking s ites. References Cardon, P.W., Marshall, B., Jeongil, C., El-Shinnaway, M.M., North, M., Svensson, L†¦Juan, P. (2009). Online and offline social ties of social network website users: An exploratory study in eleven societies. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 50(1), 54-64. Das, B., Sahoo, J.S., Jyoti, S. (2011). Social networking sites – a critical analysis of its impact on personal and social life. International Journal of Business Social Science, 2(14), 222-228. Web. Ellison, N.B., Lampe, C., Steinfield, C. (2009). Social network sites and society: Current trends and future possibilities. Web. Neelamalar, M., Chitra, P. (2009). New media and society: A study on Indian youth. Estudos em Communicacao, 45(6), 125-145. Web. Tokunaga, R.S. (2011). Friend me or you’ll strain us: Understanding negative events that occur over social networking sites. CyberPsychology, Behavior Social Networking, 14(7/8), 425-432. This essay on Society Social Networking Sites was written and submitted by user Geraldine Flynn to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Monday, March 16, 2020

Henry Fairfield Osborn - A Profile of the Famous Paleontologist

Henry Fairfield Osborn - A Profile of the Famous Paleontologist Name: Henry Fairfield Osborn Born/Died: 1857-1935 Nationality: American Dinosaurs Named: Tyrannosaurus Rex, Pentaceratops, Ornitholestes, Velociraptor About Henry Fairfield Osborn Like many successful scientists, Henry Fairfield Osborn was fortunate in his mentor: the famous American paleontologist Edward Drinker Cope, who inspired Osborn to make some of the greatest fossil discoveries of the early 20th century. As part of the U.S. Geological Survey in Colorado and Wyoming, Osborn unearthed such famous dinosaurs as Pentaceratops and Ornitholestes, and (from his vantage point as president of the American Museum of Natural History in New York) was responsible for naming both Tyrannosaurus Rex (which had been discovered by museum employee Barnum Brown) and Velociraptor, which had discovered by another museum employee, Roy Chapman Andrews. In retrospect, Henry Fairfield Osborn had more of an impact on natural history museums than  he did on  paleontology; as one biographer says, he was a first-rate science administrator and a third-rate scientist. During his tenure at the American Museum of Natural History, Osborn spearheaded innovative visual displays designed to attract the general public (witness the dozens of habitat dioramas featuring realistic-looking prehistoric animals, which can still be seen in the museum today), and thanks to his efforts the AMNH remains the premier dinosaur destination in the world. At the time, however, many museum scientists were unhappy with Osborns efforts, believing that money spent on displays could be better spent on continuing research. Away from his fossil expeditions and his museum, unfortunately, Osborn had a darker side. Like many affluent, educated, white  Americans of the early 20th century, he was a firm believer in eugenics (the use of selective breeding to weed out less desirable races), to the extent that he imposed his prejudices on some museum galleries, misleading an entire generation of children (for example, Osborn refused to believe that the distant ancestors of humans resembled apes more than they did Homo sapiens).  Perhaps  more oddly, Osborn never quite came to terms with the theory of evolution, preferring the semi-mystical doctrine of orthogenetics (the belief that life is driven to increasing complexity by a mysterious force, and not the mechanisms of genetic mutation and natural selection).

Saturday, February 29, 2020

An Analysis of Dark Nights Harvey Dent

The Two Faces of Harvey Dent Just like the proverbial adage of love and hate, superheroes and villains have a very thin line that separates the two. The I Ch’ing offers the Yin and Yang arguing that good cannot exist without evil. The question arises to try to determine what exactly makes someone a villain or a superhero. There is often a personal or emotional connection that the authors and film directors tries to convey so the audience can identify with the characters. Sometimes, fictional characters are made to seem obviously one-sided. Shakespeare wrote, â€Å"Villains that were plainly evil without any explanation which then made it clear who the protagonists were. † This kind of character does not satisfy human curiosity and reasoning. The question still remains at the end which continues to gnaw at our intellect. In the film, Dark Knight directed by Christopher Nolan, the writer tries to answer this question with the character of Harvey Dent, otherwise known as the villain Two-Face. Harvey Dent comes out in the second film of a grittier and darker version of the legendary comic superhero Batman series. Much of the audience is well-versed in the Batman villains so the character Harvey Dent comes out as the morally incorruptible, by-the-book District Attorney of Gotham city; the revelation of his duplicitous nature is inevitable because of how principled he is when it comes to fighting crime. Usually, those people who are so polarized on one side tend to fall the hardest to the other side. Nolan uses the character of Rachel, Dent’s love interest, a sort of love triangle with Bruce Wayne (Batman’s alter ego) to explain his true emotions. Using the different personality theories, the question can be answered with more satisfaction. Myers-Briggs has a dichotomous scheme of how people are configured while Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs sets up stages of a person’s life. Ultimately, Freud’s Superego, ego, and Id identify the level of maturity that a person demonstrates. These theories expose the character of Harvey Dent and how a hero can become a villain because of his inherent traits, life experiences, and bad choices. The inherent traits that lead Harvey Dent into a spiral of shame can be explained by Myers-Briggs dichotomous chart of personality types. Harvey Dent starts out in the film in the spotlight, brand new leader of Gotham City as the prosecutor. He is a role model of principles and law. He is unflinching and unwavering in his ambition and fight against crime. Dent tends be extraverted in his personality. He likes being in the spotlight. He likes things to be black and white because he is a very principled man. Dent does not like to make deals with criminals and he makes it very clear to everyone that he will not be bribed in any way. He will not bargain which seems like a characteristic that he was born with. He is very straight forward with people. If he does not like someone, he will make it known to that person right away. On the other side, his affections for Rachel, the deputy district attorney, are apparent as well as the audience sees them out together besides their professional relationship. (Dark Knight) The audience can tell that Dent is very meticulous and logical sometimes appearing cold but his internal passion for what he believes drive him to do the things he does. The law is his guide and he does not let emotion get the best of him until the Rachel dies because of the choices of others. Dent is an easy target because of these traits. He is very predictable. â€Å"Live to see yourself become the villain, or die a hero,† says Dent after he lives. Dark Knight) Only he lives by principle while others live on emotion. He makes it very clear after Rachel that he will no longer be controlled by his principles. This inherent disillusionment alters his outlook on life and he becomes the other extreme. By the time, he dies in the movie; he abandons all reason and goes with his emotions of apa thy and revenge. Harvey Dent’s struggle with dealing with Rachel’s death can be further explained by Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. He begins as the highest level with self-actualization where he can truly serve the will of the people and the law. But, the experience ultimately is too much for him to deal with. Above all, he has fought for the safety of himself and the people, but since he could not protect the one he loved, he cannot face losing anyone else thus his revenge leads to blood. The ideals he stood for go out the window and he punishes the wrong people. He is blind to morality after this tragedy. He has no distinction between right and wrong, a good person and an evil person. In this sense, Nolan wanted to show the audience how certain experiences affect people and no one can control every situation or circumstance. It all becomes luck and fortune which somebody like Harvey Dent cannot accept. Thus, because of these experiences of pain and regret, he cannot move on in his life and make the proper decisions of his rank and person. He falls and ultimately pays his own price by his flip of the coin. Freud’s theory of subconscious levels seems to depict the choices that Harvey Dent makes that lead him to become a villain rather than stay a hero. After the death of Rachel, Dent could have mourned and moved on in his life, but his selfish desires of revenge compel him to make bad choices that harm innocent people like the Gordon’s family. In a sense, his altruistic nature at first seemed all too clean and perfect. The audience all knows no one can be that perfect and be a human being. His true selfish nature comes out that it was really all for his egotistical gratification and when he was hurt, then everyone should also suffer. Nolan tries to reach the audience with Dent’s emotional pain. Most people are not sure whether to like and support Dent or hate him for being so weak and selfish. He is actually dishonoring the memory of Rachel by being a villain. In the end, he could have done the right things but he chose to take the darker path. This then shows how the line is not a very wide line between good and evil. It is all the choices that people make that make them good or evil. Harvey Dent is a character that is a facade of good and evil. Everyone has a choice to be good or evil throughout their lives. All human beings go through difficult times; it is how we deal with it that makes us who we are. Nolan tries to capture that theme with Harvey Dent. The different personality theories help explain the fictional character to better understand ourselves.

Thursday, February 13, 2020

Gastrointestinal Diseases Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Gastrointestinal Diseases - Research Paper Example Further, the paper will explain the different ways of treating the gastrointestinal diseases, and end with a summative conclusion. The gastrointestinal diseases to be discussed include Constipation, Inflammatory Bowel disease, and Colon Cancer. Constipation. Contraction Constipation is an ailment of the digestive tract where the patient excretes hard feces. Constipation is a common disease that affects almost everyone in at least one time of their life. Several factors contribute to the problem including lack of fibers in an individual diet. The other factors are severe dehydration, excessive stress and sickness (www.wisegeek.com). It is imperative to note that other grave gastrointestinal diseases can cause constipation; thus, constipation can be a symptom to a wide range of gastrointestinal diseases. Effects to the body Constipation causes the movement of large intestines to stop or slow down. The movement of the large intestines is beneficial because it pushes food down the digest ive tract into the rectum. This results to retention of feces in the body because the hardened fecal matter becomes extremely painful to remove from the digestive tract (www.prokerala.com). This condition makes an individual spend long minutes in the rest room trying to get rid of fecal matter. Constipation can cause bruises to the colon and damage to the anal sphincter because the indigested matter comes out as hard as a stone. A painful aftermath may follow defecation because of bruising in the colon lining (Johnston 121). Treatment Treatment of constipation is less involving and less expensive. A patient should take some measures that reduce susceptibility to constipation (McMillan 12). Individuals can relieve constipation by taking plenty of water and other helpful fluids like soup. Secondly, the individual should consume food with plenty of fibers to ease the problem. Patients should exercise regularly to strengthen the stomach muscles and the general welfare of the body (McMil lan 13). If the condition does not ease within a few days, a patient can visit a doctor who will prescribe the most appropriate treatment. A doctor can recommend a laxative to a patient who is suffering from constipation for more than four days. However, laxatives have negative effects to the patient, and they may end up doing more harm than good. Inflammatory Bowel Disease Contraction There are various, dissimilar inflammatory bowel diseases that cause considerable inflammation of the digestive truck, tummy lining and colon (Johnston 123). However, the most widespread kinds of inflammatory bowel disease are Crohn’s disease and ulcerative Colitis. Patients contract these diseases after experiencing a considerable corrosion of the stomach lining and the lining of the digestive tract (Johnston 123). These corrosions result from excessive excretion of gastric juice that cleans up the protective mucus, and thus, exposing the delicate tissue of the stomach to the digestive juices. Research shows that, the problem can also result from bacterial infection of the digestive tract lining. Effects to the body Ulcerative Colitis patients develop inflammations and ulcers in their stomach, which leads to rectal bleeding, sore bowel movements, fatigue, dehydration and diarrhea (Podollsky 7). Severe pain may result after eating acidic foods or food items that are difficult to digest like kales.